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9.9. Message Compression

The Apache Qpid Broker-J supports[10] message compression. This feature works in co-operation with Qpid Clients implementing the same feature.

Once the feature is enabled (using Broker context variable broker.messageCompressionEnabled), the Broker will advertise support for the message compression feature to the client at connection time. This allows clients to opt to turn on message compression, allowing message payload sizes to be reduced.

If the Broker has connections from clients who have message compression enabled and others who do not, it will internally, on-the-fly, decompress compressed messages when sending to clients without support and conversely, compress uncomressed messages when sending to clients who do.

The Broker has a threshold below which it will not consider compressing a message, this is controlled by Broker content variable (connection.messageCompressionThresholdSize) and expresses a size in bytes.

This feature may have a beneficial effect on performance by:

  • Reducing the number of bytes transmitted over the wire, both between Client and Broker, and in the HA case, Broker to Broker, for replication purposes.

  • Reducing storage space when data is at rest within the Broker, both on disk and in memory.

Of course, compression and decompression is computationally expensive. Turning on the feature may have a negative impact on CPU utilization on Broker and/or Client. Also for small messages payloads, message compression may increase the message size. It is recommended to test the feature with representative data.

[10] Message compression is not yet supported for the 1.0 protocol.